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Examining the Ratio of Radio’s Impact on the Causes of Poverty

The Ratio and Origins of Impoverishment

Poverty signifies the dearth of production and the per capita income within a nation, culminating in the absence of savings and investments, ultimately restraining the populace’s standard of living.

Approximately a quarter (25%) of Pakistan’s populace resides below the Poverty Threshold. To ascertain the proportion of impoverishment, we employ the notion of the “Poverty Threshold,” which denotes the minimum daily income, set at less than two United States dollars, insufficient for an individual to satisfy their fundamental life requisites. In Pakistan, a majority of the populace earns less than two US dollars daily, a reflection of the dire straits of poverty gripping the nation. The following are the principal antecedents of impoverishment in Pakistan:

i. Our population burgeons at a significantly swifter pace than resource and production growth.

ii. Over 63% of our population dwells in rural precincts and hinges on agriculture. In the present era, profitable agriculture relies on machinery, pesticides, superior seeds, and chemical fertilizers, all of which bear substantial costs due to importation. Despite the exorbitant costs of farming, farmers frequently fail to attain fair prices for their harvests. Consequently, despite their industriousness, our farmers grapple with acute impoverishment.

iii. The division of agricultural land into smaller fragments, as dictated by inheritance laws, renders it unviable for small-scale farmers to sustain their living expenses solely through farming. Consequently, they gravitate towards secondary vocations, leading to a decline in per-acre yields.

iv. The development across all sectors of the economy hinges on a robust industrial foundation. In this sphere, our nation lags behind, resulting in meager employment prospects within the industrial sector, with other economic sectors also languishing.

v. Corruption, contraband trade, hoarding, bribery, and tax evasion have become commonplace in our society, leaving no facet of life unscathed.

vi. Political instability, disjointed economic policies, and issues pertaining to law and order have dissuaded foreign investors from channeling their investments into our nation. As a consequence, capital outflow from our country has exacerbated unemployment and impoverishment in Pakistan.

vii. Feudalism prevailing in rural areas has contributed to the escalation of the poverty rate. The landed aristocracy unjustly deprives impoverished farmers of their due recompense through various means. This paltry remuneration deters farmers from working with dedication and zeal.

Implications of Impoverishment and Prophylactic Measures

A society steeped in economic desolation often grapples with political turbulence, thereby exposing itself to internal and external threats. Impoverishment and criminality frequently become intertwined. A nation plagued by destitution inevitably confronts law enforcement issues. A significant portion of our population remains deprived of balanced sustenance and adequate medical amenities due to impoverishment. Under these circumstances, how can an indigent individual afford to provide an education for their offspring? This explains the prevalent illiteracy, lack of skills, physical infirmity, and demoralization among our populace.

Both present and past administrations have endeavored to mitigate and eliminate impoverishment through the promotion of foreign investments and the augmentation of employment opportunities. In this context, initiatives such as the Food Support Program, Khushhal Pakistan Program, Pakistan Rural Support Program, and Benazir Income Support Program hold significance. Nevertheless, these endeavors have yielded minimal results in alleviating poverty. To address the issue of impoverishment comprehensively, population control, meticulous planning, equitable resource allocation, the provision of standardized educational facilities, an increased adoption of modern technology, and the advancement of the private sector are all indispensable measures.

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